Posts from the ‘Viewpoint’ Category

 Chapter 2 (Dwitiyo Adhyaya), of Srimad Bhagwan Gita deals with the universal emotion of the fear of death,  a perpetual worry of losing our near and dear ones , of the unknown area of death as expressed by Arjuna to lord Krishna . The emotional  distress expressed by Arjuna towards  protecting  the life of all his family members, relatives and the members of his clan  have been dealt with by the lord Krishna himself in his explanation to Arjuna about the existence of the   greater truth in every living being on this earth.  Mankind has since times immemorial been afraid of the universal truth of death. The  sermon  delivered  by lord Krishna to Arjuna,  throws light on the existence of life in all ages, and the perpetuity of the soul, the Atma, which never dies and the futility of the mankind in being afraid of the death which happens to be the act of changing bodies by the soul.

Sanjaya explains to Dhratrashtra as to how Arjuna had threw away his bow and arrow and was crestfallen by the thought of  this war bringing about the destruction and death to his own family and relations and the damage that they were about to have caused to their heritage by committing such an  atrocious wrongdoing. Sanjaya begins the description of the events that are taking place in the war front,

“Tan tatha kripyavishtmshrupurnakulekshanam

Vishidantmididan vakymuvaach Madhusudana” (1)

Sanjaya mentions Lord Krishna here as Madhusudana , in a bid to remind Dhratrashtra that lord Krishna , had been the savior of all gods when he had killed a  demon named Madhu, perhaps forewarning that the lord will help those who are with the truth on this  occasion  too it will happen . He continues, “Lord Krishna looked at the depressed Arjuna who had tears in his eyes and apprehension writ large on his face for the safety and life of his near and dear ones “.

Perhaps Arjuna was anticipating that a truce would be the better outcome rather than fighting the war.

Thus spoke Lord Krishna,

“Kutsvaa kashmalmidan vishme samupasthitam

Anaaryajushtmasavgaryamkirtikaramarjuna” (2)

“Oh Arjuna!  What has caused this   untimely love and kindness in your heart for   your near and dear ones at this time immediately after the declaration of the war? Such an infatuation for the family members does not become the noble spirit, nor can it be the vehicle to attain a position in paradise, neither can it be the route to fame and glory”.

“Klaibayan maa sma gama partha naitatvyyupapadhyate

Kshudaran hridayaubarlayan tayaktavotishth parantap” (3)

Advises Lord Krishna to his favored disciple,

“So hey Arjuna,   you should not behave in a manner that is unmanly. It does not become you .Hey Parantap (Parantap because Arjuna happened to be the son of Kunti and Kunti was also called Partha, perhaps reminding him that your mother expects you to act bravely in this situation) you should forego the  emotions of cowardice at heart  that makes you express such uncalled for fears  . You   should get up and get ready to fight this war of truth as against the evil forces of the world”.

Arjuna who seems to have made up his mind of not indulging into any  kind of   armed combat  with his relations, and other family members , and have already surrendered his bow and arrows, begins justifying his decision to not to raise arms against his cousins. He professes in to support his thought process of not waging a war and then he gives the  reason as to why he does  not want to fight against his teachers and his other relations,

“Katham bhishammahan sadkhye dronam cha madhusudana

Eeshubhi pratiyotsyami poojaharavrisudan “(4)

“How can I begin with the exchange of my deadly arrows in a fight against Bhishma and Dronacharya, because hey Madhusudan, they are both   my revered seniors’ and elders? I cannot aim my bow and shoot life taking arrows towards and at  them which will mean a gross profanity  on my part as these people are neither my enemies and nor have they committed any of the wrongdoings towards us brothers”.

“Gurunhatvaa hi mahaanubhavotrachheyo bhoktun bhaikshyampih loke

Hatvaarthkamanstu gurunihaiv bhujjeey bhogaan rudhirpradigdhaan” (5)

“I would rather prefer to forego my rightful claim on the kingdom of Kurukshetra and survive on the alms collected by begging. Because I believe that leading a simple and frugal life based on charity is better than the luxurious and sensuous life   that has been desecrated   with the blood and   murder of my teachers and my elders. The opulent    riches and the luxurious  objects will be only  momentary temporary attractions valid only for this life time but I do not want to blight my pious eternal living by being the cause of the death  of  my most respected and honored devout teacher and  spiritual guides, Dronacharya and Pitamaha Bhishma ” .

Arjuna wanted to make sure that no short-lived indecision must be conveyed by his argument and hence he justifies further, as he had been determined   of not fighting this war,

“Naa chaitdwidhyama katranno gariyo yadva jayem hadi vaa no jayeyyu

Yaanev hatvaa na jijeevishamasteavsthita pramukhe Dhaartrashtra” (6)

“We have been in a dilemma as we have come across a very strange and confounding state of affairs.  We are not aware as to which action will prove to be in our favor whether to fight this war or to not to raise our armaments in this war because we cannot predict if we will win and become victorious or lose this war and our enemies will be triumphant in this battle.  Either way it is to our loss, whether we win or we lose.  Those near and dear ones upon whose death our own life will hold no meaning to us have come to this war  to fight it out with us ,  in support of Dhratrashtra’s son Dhuryodhna”.

Arjuna has demonstrated a very unpredictable emotional state where it becomes apparent   and it dawns upon him  that either way it is the pandavaas family that stands to suffer because their own   blood and life is fighting against them and it is simply impossible to forget the familial affiliations and pick up arms against your own people  to annihilate them . Arjuna strongly believed  that  If they kill their elders and teachers,  their souls stand to get condemned and consigned to a way of life that would become more miserable   than being relegated   to hell  , because,  “ of what use will be this life   full of luxuries and riches where there exists none of our family  members  , brothers  and the other kinfolk  and   associates” .

Having expressed his   moral and emotional dilemma in this manner, Arjuna explains his inability and incapability to reach a decision as to whether he should raise his weapons or not make use of any kind of offensive assault   in this war against his teachers and his elders, family members and others associates.  Arjuna prays for a resolution to his predicament and looks for the mercy of Lord Krishna. He prays the lord to throw light   of knowledge and wisdom to him so as to lead him out of his indecision by guiding him about his duties and responsibility in such a state of quandary. Says Arjuna to Lord Krishna

“Kaarpnyadoshopahatsavbhava prachhami tavaan dharamsammudhcheta

Yachhey syaannishichitan broohi tanme shishyasteahan shaadhi maan tavaan prapannam” (7)

“I am aware that I am being looked upon, of being a coward and I am considered to possess a very faint-hearted nature. I have also been condemned as a man who has expressed and preferred affiliations towards family and other social relationships of the world over the duty towards his religion and society. But I beseech you my lord to lead me and guide me at this strange and unusual situation in my life.   I am not in a position to decide as to what is truthful, moral and is supported by my religious   and social responsibilities.  Please tell me what the most appropriate step that I should take and the path of   universal welfare which would be advisable to take to, for me in such a state of affairs. I pray to thee oh lord Krishna for you know that I am your ardent devotee and please accept me in your discipleship and please educate me to reach a decision in my life”.

Arjuna despite being a great warrior, an acknowledged bowman and the formidable foe, does not hold any qualms about his prowess. He admits his being in depressed emotions, pathetic mind-set and confused state of mind in this war of the families.  He admits his complete surrender to God in the face of his helplessness and incapability to reach a decision. He gives up himself in complete devotion to his God and the mentor Lord Krishna by expressing his unflinching faith and trust in Him. He also avers that he is not a mere ordinary disciple but a dedicated  follower who has absolutely surrendered himself to the mercy of the Most Merciful, The Omniscient, who he believes will be able to hold his hand and lead him out of this situation in the most upright manner which could be suitable   and acceptable way of fulfilling ones moral and dutiful responsibilities towards the family, the state, the society and towards the universe.

Arjuna continues expressing his helplessness   of reaching a decision and he prays to Lord Krishna,

“Na hi prapshyaami mamaapanudhyadhyechhokamuchchhoshanmindriyanaam

Avvapya bhoomaavasaptanmraddhan suranampi chaadhipatayam” (8)

“You have ordained me to wage this war of truth against the evil forces, nevertheless I believe that the highest reward of winning this war can be of establishing our   sovereign control over the earth but I do not find any promise to my nerve-racking anxiety even when I get to rule the   sovereign countries of the gods and all their wealth and riches. I pray to you to please help me come out of this indecisiveness and help me overcome my anxiety and concern about all my elders, respected teachers and family and fraternity members and about my apprehensions of doing something that will go against my concept of my sacred duties”.

Sanjay is telling king Dhratrashtra,

“Evamuktaa Hrishikesham gudakesha parantapa

Na yotasya itee gobindmuktvaa toonnin babhoov ha” (9)

“O king! Arjuna who had triumphed over the sleep, in his life time, had completely surrendered, himself to the omniscient lord Krishna and he has affirmed again to Gobind (another name of Lord Krishna) that he will not fight this war”.

“Tamoovaach Hrishikesham prahasanniv bharat

Sainyorubhyomardhye vishidantmidam vacha” (10)

“O scion of bharat heritage, Dhratrashtra! The know all and the omniscient Lord Krishna had felt saddened by these words spoken by Arjuna and learning about his resolve to not to fight this war.  He had laughed and thus he speaks to Arjuna”,

“Ashochyananvashochatasvam pragyavaadanshch bhashsse

Gataasoongataasoonch naanooshochanti panditaa” (11)

Lord Krishna tells Arjuna, “o Arjuna you are   feeling sad for those people who are unworthy of it and at the same time you are speaking like a very knowledgeable person   . But learned people do not show any remorse for those who have lost their lives and even for those who will lose their life”.

Lord Krishna had laughed  at Arjuna’s   melancholic  because he had seen that Arjuna’s   reluctance and hesitation to fight this war has surfaced on account of his love and devotion for his   near and dear ones and all the respected elders whom he had always looked upon in his life. The lord shows Arjuna as to why his showing a remorse and concern for   his relatives like Bhishma and others who as per God’s sermon to Arjuna, are not meant for only this life but that their soul belong to perpetuity, is only a futile exercise .

The lord Krishna continues,

“   Naa tavevaahan jaatu naasan naa tavam neme jnaadheepa

Naa chaiv na bhashiyaam sarve vayamata parma” (12)

“Because you and the people who you are feeling sad for, have always been existing.  They have forever existed in all times.  There exists no such time that these people were not living in that era of time and nor is there such a   time    foreseen in future that these kings and all of us will not be living in that period. The soul that exists amongst all of us lives in perpetuity”. The lord   Krishna is telling Arjuna that the death of physical human body does not mean the passing away of a soul and hence one should not feel sad or exhibit any sorrow on the loss of a physical human body.  The lord counsels Arjuna,

“Dehinoasmin yathaa dehe kaumaram yauvanam jaraa

Tatha dehantarpraptidhirarsatatra na moohyati” (13)

“The stages of   childhood, youth, and old age are attributed only to the physique and not to the soul of the body yet they exist in soul and are passed on by the passage of time.   Similarly the soul of the body changes its abode and moves to another body.  The wise men understand this completely and do not get deluded about this shifting of the soul from one human figure to another physical being”.

“Hence it is futile on your part to feel distressed   by contemplating the death of your dear ones”.

The lord Krishna thereby meant that the destruction   of the human physique does not mean the end of the soul, the soul survives and moves on from one body to another and the prudent men who know about the non- relationship of the soul with   the human body in which it abodes temporarily do not despair the loss of the bereavement of their dear ones.

“Matra sparshastu kaunteya shitshnasukhdoo khadaa

Aagmaapaayinoanityastaanstiti kshyasav bharata” (14)

“O son of Kunti! The pleasure and the pain arising in the human physique by way of the contacts between the senses and objects are like the seasonal variations and are transitory, momentary, and short-lived and are uncertain in nature, so hey Bharata you must bear these fleeting momentary pleasures or pains which will not last long”.

Yan hi naa vyathayantyete purusham purush sharabh

Samdukham sukham dheeram soamratatvaay kalpate” (15)

“A person who does not show any kind of reaction either in bad times or in good times i.e., on being subjected  to the  pleasure or pain  he remains unaffected and exhibits equanimity, such a wise man becomes worthy of attaining immortality and he attains self realization”.

“Naasto vidhyate bhaavo naabhaavo vidhyate sata

Ubhayaorpi drashtoantsatavnayostatvadarshibhi” (16)

“The truth has always prevailed and always will be present eternally. And what you are lamenting about is only a delusion, an untruth which was never there earlier, and will also not be there in the coming times.  Hence it is not correct for showing remorse for the   loss of the physical existence of the people you love and respect and have endeared. The learned persons with wisdom have understood and have experienced both the truth and the untruth and hence they do not express any kind of   regret on the disappearance of objects that do not exist in reality and are only transitory in nature”.

“Avinaashi tu tadwidhidhi yen sarvmidam tatam

Vinasham vayayasyasay Na kashchitakturmaharati “(17)

“You should understand that the only truth that prevails in the world is God and   all the matter and the objects , the living and  the inanimate    in this world    is   replete with his presence hence nothing gets ever destroyed and no one ever can obliterate the truth that prevails forever, eternally and in every object. And this and this is the only universal truth. ”.

“Antvant eeme deha nityasayokta sharririna

Anaashino apremyasya tasmaadh yudhyasav bharata” (18)

“All the human bodies and   other animate being which otherwise are a part of the everlasting greater truth are said to be having only a short lifetime on this earth.   The   objects of this world and the human bodies are similar to the dreams that we experience, which appear to be there yet are not there in truth. Same way these living beings are there yet not there   in realism and hence these are necessarily to be purged. Hence you Arjuna should not show any concern for what is only fleeting, is momentary in nature and is ordained to face death”.

“Ya enam vetti hantaaram yashchainam manayate hatam

Ubhau tau na vijaanito nayam hanta na hanyate” (19)

“So you have to understand that neither the one who gets destroyed nor the one who is instrumental to destruction are the greater truth and nor do they are aware of the greater truth that Atma (soul or Universal /Greater Truth), is indestructible. It can neither destroy or be killed and only those who do not know this truth due to their ignorance believe that it is the greater truth Atma that is the doer of every act and is instrumental in taking away the life of living beings”.

Lord Krishna now reveals the actual identity and the universality of    the greater truth Atma to his dear disciple Arjuna as he says,

“Na jaayte mriyate vaa kaddachinaayam bhootvaa bhavitaa vaa na bhooya

Aajo nitya shashvatoayam pooraano na hanyate hanyamaane sharire” (20)

 “The Atma (soul) neither takes birth in any period and nor is it subjected to perish and nor does it   appear in a   reincarnation. Atma is unborn, eternal, elemental and perpetual and it does not expire when the physical body ceases to exist”.

The lord now explains the eternity of the soul, (the Atma) and the secret of its infinity,

“Vedaa vinashinam nitayam ya ainmajmavyayam

Katham sapurusha paartha kam ghatayati hanta kam” (21)

“A learned person has learnt that Atma is indestructible, eternal, perpetual, the one that is not born out of the womb, nor the one that can be expanded, he can neither kill someone nor can he be the instrumental in getting another person killed”.

The enlightened person knows that there exists in everybody an eternal truth which is indestructible and which can neither ever be the cause of another person’s annihilation.

“Waasaansi jeernaani yathaa vihaay navaani grahnaati naroapraani

Tatha shariraani vihaay jeernaanyanyaani sanyaati navaani dehi” (22)

“The occurring of death of a human body is similar to the act of changing of clothes by a human being. Just as the humans keep varying their clothing and put on new clothes after they have discarded the old clothes, the same way the Atma   shifts its abode from one physical body to another physical body by disposing the old body and adopting a new body. This happens to all the living organisms on this earth whose souls keep changing their habitat   from one   dead body to another living body after it finds that the current body used by it has become of no use to it    and serves no purpose by its existence”.

  The emotional intelligence expressed and advised by the lord Krishna very simply explains the eternal    cycle of life and death on the earth, where the   exit and entry of humans into the world has been taking place eternally.  If this fact of only atma changing its   outer attire is comprehended and accepted by the humans in its right meaning and spirit, then no human will ever show remorse on the loss of the old body  when the death  of humans takes place . Death Does not occur to only the decreipt physique but death can also be the occurrence to a young and healthy   body type   whose time and existence  at the earth has served its purpose and hence it becomes throwaway   body   for the soul living in it and the soul moves out of the outdated body  to find   for itself  another abode in another body that could now serve its purpose on the earth.

“Nainam chhidanti shastraani nainam dahti pavaka

Naa chainam kaledayantyaapo   naa shoshayati maroota” (23)

Lord Krishna   had foreseen Arjuna being frightened about the violence   and its aftermath that would take place in the fighting of the war by the usage of deadly ammunition and arms; hence he maintains to Arjuna that soul (Atma) is always, indestructible and that the soul is never subject to death.  Lord Krishna assures Arjuna that all kinds of elements that can be found on this earth cannot destroy soul, the Atma

“The soul can never be cut to pieces by any armaments, nor can it ever be burned by fire, nor can it be swept away by water, nor can the wind wither the soul”.

“Achhedhyoayam daahayo ayamkaledhyoashoya aiv cha

Nitya sarvagata sthanurachaloayam sanaatan” (24)

The lord reiterates again what he has already mentioned in the previous stanza (Shlokas),

“Because the soul cannot be pierced, the soul lives till perpetuity, all-pervading, and motionless.   It is inert and the soul endures ceaselessly and cannot be subjected to any modification. The soul is everlasting and omnipresent”.

Avayakto ayamchinteyo ayamvikaaryo ayamuchayte

Tasmaadevam viditvainam nanushochitumarhsi “(25)

“The soul (Atma) cannot be articulated. It cannot be manifested. This soul (Atma) is inconceivable by the mind. This is consistent and the soul cannot be subjected to any inadequacy.  When you know every characteristic of the soul, it does not look appropriate for you to   express grief over the loss of only the bodies, and hence you should not let your sorrow be there   for the probable death of all your near and dear ones gathered here to   wage a war against you”

“Athachainam nityajaatam nitayam vaa manasaye maratam

Tthaapi tavam mahabaaho naivam shochitumaharsis “(26)

The lord Krishna, however softens his tone here and    he makes an allowance to Arjuna’s shallow wisdom    that Arjuna possesses pertaining to the unending cycle of the birth and the death of humans taking place on the earth  , when he alludes,

“Even when you subscribe to the thought and know that   the soul (Atma)   is born every day and dies regularly, in such a situation also, O the powerful and armed   one, you are not meant to grieve in the manner that you have    been feeling distressed about”.

Hence even when lord Krishna, is   sermonizing Arjuna to not to grieve,   he builds up his confidence by addressing him as the mighty soldier, decorated with his armaments.

Says lord Krishna,

“Jaatasya hi dhruvo mrityudhruvam janma mratsaya cha

Tasmaadh pariharyearthe na tavam shochitumharsi” (27)

“because if it so  happens relentlessly that , anyone  who is born  is definite to  face death and that anyone who has died has to be born again,  even then  you ought not to grieve over a predictable fact   because it does not make sense to grieve for whatever is inevitable and  knowing that you  can do nothing about it to prevent it  ”.  Hence lord Krishna tells Arjuna,

Avayaktaadini bhootaani vayakt madhyaani bharata

Avayaktnidhnaanyev tatra kaa parivednaa” (28)

“O scion of Bharata! All   living beings have not been perceptible to humans before they are born and they are meant   to get invisible after they meet their death.  It is only in the middle intervals that all of them get manifested.   There should not be any kind of lamentation with regard to such beings   as appear for some time and are destined to disappear into the oblivion again”. 

The lord’s sermon about the futility of   Arjuna’s  apprehension and  expression of grief on the  likely death of his near and dear ones’  throws light to Arjuna from the point of view of the learned  and enlightened  people, when lord says   that all incarnation of the humans is but only transitory in nature. The ones who are living on the earth did not exist before they were born and will cease to exist after they have met their death. Hence a learned person, who is aware of the ephemeral nature the human life, should not express anguish and grief over the death of their near and dear ones.

“Aashcharyavatpatpaschayati kaschidenmaasacharyavadavdati tathaiv chaanya

Aascharyaavchchanamanya shronati shrutvaapyenam veda naa chaiv kaschita” (29)

 “Some of the great persons look upon the soul (Atma) amazingly.  Some other describes it as magnificent. Yet some of the others listen about the soul in its awe.  Many of them do not know anything about the soul in spite of having heard about it “

The lord maintains that not everyone knows the truth and the complete truth about the soul (Atma). People can describe about it only in different partial aspects of its total manifestation as they have perceived the soul depending upon their experiences, learning and knowledge. Hence to many   learned persons this soul is an amazing materialization of a wonderful truth, to some others the meaning and the truth about the soul remain ever elusive. 

“Dehi nityamavadhyoayam dehe sarvasaya bharata

Tasmmatasavarnaani bhootaani na tavam shochitumaharsi” (30)

“O Arjuna! The soul (atma) lives in the bodies of all   living- beings is eternally imperishable and it can never ever be slain. Therefore you cannot and should not mourn for all living –beings”.

The lord’s oration establishes a unifying relationship amongst each and every living organism on this earth by stating that they all have but a same soul breathing in them and hence there exists no difference amongst the human beings. The difference if any exists is there on account of the   externally perceptible physical manifestation of the body only, which differs in the same manner as the clothes worn by two different humans may not be the same.  The unifying  soul   remains alive ever and is imperishable because like God has said above, it may change its abode but will never be perished hence why worry for an anticipated occurrence which takes place  only for that fleeting moment when the soul  shifts itself from one physical incarnation to another physical body.   

Sawardharamamapi chaavekshya Na vikampitumaharsi

Dharamyaaddhi yudhaachachhreyo anyatakshatriyasaya na vidhyate” (31)

“And considering the fact that you belong to the Kshatriya (warriors) clan, you should not be afraid and apprehensive of the consequences of the war. There exists no bigger religion and duty for a kshatriya than to fight for the protection of his religion , faith  and the righteous war that protects the truth “.

The lord Krishna makes a very distinct differentiation in the war fought for the expansions of the kingdoms and the exploitation of  riche  from such wars, as against the war fought for the protection of the religion, faith and what is considered as truthful, by a Kshatriya. The lord avers that it is the religious duty of a Kshatriya (warrior) to protect his faith and fight for the establishment of the truth   even if one has to sacrifice one’s life in doing so. 

 He advocates,

Ydrachhaya choppanam swaragdwaarm apaavaratam

Sukhina kshatriya parth labhante yudhamidrashayam” (32)

“O Partha, all those fortunate Kshatriya    are   blessed by Heavens  who get such an auspicious occasion for an unsought war of the truth to be fought by them against the forces of  the evil and it becomes a welcome invitation to  go to heaven with its doors wide open as a consequences of this kind of war ”.

The lord   having explained the concept of religious duty to Arjuna   for fighting a war, he   further emphasizes on the   likely damage that can occur to Arjuna and to his uprightness, reputation and the faith that all his well wishers have in his character, should he fail to do his duty in fighting this war of righteousness against the   forces of the evil,

“Atha chaitavmimam dhamaryam sadgramam na karishayasi

Tata swadharma kirtim cha hitva paapamvaapasayasi” (33)

“But if you fail to wage this war of uprightness, you will end up losing your reputation and faith and will be committing a gross transgression”.

“Akirti chaapi bhootaani kathayishayanti taiavayayaam

Sambhavitasaya chaakirtimarranaadatirichayate” (34)

“In such a situation, you will be humiliated and the public will speak ill about your reputation for all times to come.  It is always better for a person of honor to lay down his life rather than get dishonored”.

Lord Krishna makes it very obvious to Arjuna that whatever logics and reasons  he  has been citing for not fighting this war of truth as against the forces of evil, those cannot be held valid in this particular  situation because no  one believes  that an honorable  person and a great warrior of his stature has backed out of this war on account of his personal reasons . They would always believe that you have run away for fear of    the destructive consequences of the war.

 Says lord Krishna,

“Bhayaadranaaduparatam manayate tavam maharatha

Yesyam cha tavam bahumato bhootvaa yaasayasi laaghvam” (35)

“All those great warriors who have regarded you very highly so far will believe that you have retreated from the battle out of fear of the consequences of the war and they will lose respect for you”.

Lord Krishna definitely has been   focusing on the emotional   turmoil and the state of uncertainty   that has been taking place in the mind and heart of his favored disciple Arjuna. The lord does it , by at first bringing up his  disciple’s  level of self –esteem  within his doubtful mind  and then apprising him of the damage that can occur to his own self esteem , in his  public image and perception  on account  of his walking  out of the war now.

The Lord maintains that at this stage of the war when every conceivable warrior from the pandavaas army and from the kuru forces have come to the war ground, , it is not at all advisable for him to  simply throw away his arms and relinquish his legitimate rights to the sovereign reign of Hastinapur ,

“Avaachayvaadaanshch bahun vadishyanti twaahita

Nindantasatav samarthayam tato dukhtaram nu Kim” (36)

“In such a situation your opponents will speak   ill of you and   they will use many prohibited words and disrespect your ability to fight this war.  This kind of treatment at the hands of your enemies will be much more agonizing to you”.

The lord Krishna presents a very win- win situation to Arjuna, if he decides to fight this war.

“Haato vaa praapasayasi sawargam jitvaa vaa bhokshyase mahim

Tasmaadutishath kaunteya yudhaay krat nishachay “(37)

“O son of Kunti, You will attain a place in heavens if   you get sacrificed  while doing your duty in this war and in case,   you become victorious in this war, you will enjoy the    free reign on your own sovereign kingdom on the earth. Therefore, you must   exhibit a resolute willpower, get up and fight this war”.

“Sukha dukhe same kratwaa laabha laabho jayaa jaayo

Tato yudhaay yujayasava naivam paapmavaapasayasi” (38)

“O Arjuna, you must   exercise, maintain and exhibit your self-control in pleasure and pain, gain and loss, and victory and defeat equally and dedicate yourself in the fulfillment of your duty and get ready to fight this war.   If you fight this war by considering it as your sacred duty; you   as a kshatriyas will not bring upon yourself   any kind of sin”.

The lord has thus been able to resolve Arjuna’s moral dilemma   about his incurring the sin and wrath of all religious profanity if he fights this war and massacres his own kith and kin in this war. The lord’s sermon about maintaining equanimity and composure, in the face of adversities or  in the event of favorable situations, in the face of gaining or losing any thing in life, need to be understood in its larger ramifications by all mankind. The mankinds get either too distressed by the failings of life or too they would feel much elated by the success and the achievements they get in their lives.

The Lord advises Arjuna that so far he has been   lectured about the knowledge through logical study. However he must understand the philosophy of Karma, in order to get a complete connotation of the actual common sense of performing one’s duty (karma) and the reasons as to why he should not abandon   the responsibility and duty   expected of him in the fighting of the war of the truth against the forces of the evil, in such a throw away manner.

“Esha tai abhihita sandkhye Buddhiyorge twimaan sharanoo

Budhhayaa yukto yayaa partha karambandhnam prahaasayasi” (39)

“O son of partha! I have said all this to explain to you and provide you wisdom into the death and its unnecessary fears by explaining and enlightening you about the Gyan Yoga (the philosophy of knowledge) point of view so that you could attain knowledge about the existence of the soul and the   transient relationship between the body and the soul. I shall now speak to you about the philosophy of Karmayoga (the philosophy of doing one’s duty selflessly), to make you understand the futility of    your decision to abandon performance of your own duty.   Now listen as I explain it   to you in terms of working without expectation   and temptation into outcome of the job performed. O son of Partha, when you act in such knowledge of the philosophy of Karmayoga (the philosophy of doing one’s duty selflessly), you can free yourself from the bondage of works undertaken by you”.

“Nehabhikaramnaashoasti pratayvaayo naa vidhyate

Sawalapmapayasay dharamasaya traayte mahato bhayaat” (40)

“In this philosophy of Karmayoga that I am about to discuss with you, there exists no end to the beginning and there is no failure or attenuation, and if you take a few steps into the path of Karmayoga, you can free yourself from the fears of birth and death”.

The lord   speaks to Arjuna, about the values of doing one’s  duty  without  ascribing any of the reasons for doing one’s duty and by not attaching any of the expectations  from the duty performed, one gets free from the fear of success or failure. 

“Vayavasaayaatamika buddhirekeh kurunandanan

Bahushaakhaa hyaanantaashch buddhyo avayavasaayinaam” (41)

“Hey Arjuna! The scion of the kuru empire! The determined and the resolute   persons have only   a single plan i.e., the realization of the truth but those who are of the fickle mind and of those who lack deep knowledge, their intelligence is irresolute and is many-directional”.  

The lord  Krishna  maintains that one who does his duty with the selfless determination   of  the pursuit and subsequent   realization of the truth,  he  is able to reach the truth because he is not fickle minded as  he does not think of many things   and  he does not  get distracted  in the pursuit of   supreme knowledge. 

The lord continues,

“Yaamimaam pushpitaam vaacham pravadantay vipashchita

Vedvaarta partha naanadayasttti vaadina” (42)

“Kaamatmaan sawargpara janamkaram phalpradaam

Kriyavishesh bahulaan bhaugeshvarayagatim prati “(43)

“Bhaugeshvarya prasaktanaam tayaappahatchetasaam

Vayavasaay atmikataa buddhi samaadho naa vidhiyate” (44)

“Hey Arjuna! Those   humans who are lost into the pleasures of life and those who are lost into the materialistic contentment believe that chanting of Vedas is   most auspicious and melodious. Such men trust that their intoning of the Vedas will take them to heavens. Because they believe those heavens are the supreme attainments and can be attained by the reciting of the Vedas. Such ignorant   people engage in unnecessary and pretentious rituals for gaining   opulence and gratification of the gods.   They are involved into   many other earthly pleasures but still, cannot find the path to salvation and the   universal truth.   Such people as a consequence of their action are consigned to another birth on the earth. Such people do not have a definite devotion in God as their minds are diverted elsewhere and their power of perception is obscured by   ordinary ritualistic activities”.

Lord has broken the ages old myth   that prevails amongst the mankind, of a heaven being above there as the supreme abode for a man’s soul   after his death, as has been believed and advocated by all humans in all ages.  The lord preaches that   the attainment of the God and of the universal supreme truth cannot be realized by moving to heavens. Expecting to get into paradise after death though has been the main motivating factor in the performing of many kinds of pretentious   religious rituals   from all ages. Such people, who indulge into this action of the propitiating of the gods by merely chanting of the mantras, do not go to any other world, nor do they attain deliverance from the   cycle of the human birth. They are but delivered   back to the earth for another birth into another human form only.

“Traigunyavishyaa vedaa nistraigunyo bhavaarjuna

Nirdwando nityasatvastho niryogkshem aatmavaan” (45)

“The Vedas, o Arjuna, basically propagate and deal with three modes of material Nature i.e., goodness, passion, and ignorance.  You should grow to be free from the conflicting thoughts of these opposites as prescribed by Vedas. You should be ever objective and indifferent to the emotions of material acquisition and perpetuation.   You should be   a free soul that has risen above these three modes, and be content within yourself”.

The lord mentions about the conflicting thought of conscientiousness that always plays  within the psyche  of each individual who is torn between the materialistic  and the spiritual, the celestial and the earthly world.  It is not that lord is putting down the faith  that humans have into the philosophy of  the Vedas, but lord  Krishna  is telling Arjuna that since the philosophy  as enumerated into the  Vedas speak of many kinds of ritual practices   and traditions to attain the powers and the goodies of the everyday life , you should rise above all the   temptation of the gain of materialistic possessions in life  and have a total control on your senses,  mind , body and  heart in order to be a content soul within yourself and attain transcendentalism  .

Lord Krishna’s sermon to Arjuna continues,

“Yaavaanarth oodpaane sarvata samplutodake

Taavaan sarveshu vedeshu brahmanasay vijaanat” (46)

“O Arjuna! Just as   the small reservoir of water holds importance to a man who has had access to the large reservoir of water, the same way the Vedas are as useful to a person who has attained self realization”.

The lord wants to say that since Arjuna has attained higher knowledge of the self   which includes almost every aspect of life and the beyond, he need not look towards the Vedas, which are but a part of the larger manifestation  of the universe  that Arjuna has explored.

Lords discourse on karam yoga to Arjuna, further throws light on the operations of Karmayoga into his life,

“Karamanaye vaadhikaare maa phaleshu kadaachan

Maa karanphalhetubhurmra te sangdtoasatav karamaani” (47)

God advises Arjuna “you have a right to perform your duty assigned to you but you have no privilege to expect the results (fruit) of the duty performed. Hence you should not harbor any motivation of the results of the work done by you and   your duty performance should not be based on the expectations. At the same time you should not be losing interest in the performance of your duty and renounce the work”.

This advice of lord Krishna if taken by the mankind in the right spirit becomes meaningful at two levels of emotional consciousness. The first level of such an emotional perception exhibits a complete trust and faith in the capabilities of the performer himself under the kind benevolence of the God. The work being done needs to be looked at as the task assigned by God and anything that has been assigned by God must be having and providing the inherent strength and the ability   to get completed doubtlessly and   must  be  intrinsic of the success within itself. Each duty assigned must be fulfilled for the universal welfare. At the second level  of the emotional intelligence,  if the performer will keep on diverting his focus from   the actual performance of the job undertaken by him,  and hanker after the consequences  even before the completion of the task being done , the lack of single minded devotion will result into work not being performed hence gods will not be happy and the person will incur their wrath. The lord therefore avers that every work needs to be performed without any deviation of the mind and heart into the expected results of the work done. Many people will not like to perform a work that cannot predict the outcome of the work they have undertaken and may refuse to work if not told of their profits in the work.  Lord Krishna forewarns that   even the abundance of the work is not permitted and is considered sacrilege.

“Yogastha kuru karamaani sangadan tayaktvaa dhananjaya

Sidhaya sidhayo samo bhootvaa samatavam yoga uchchayte” (48)

   “Hey Dhananjaya!  You must do your duty to the best of your ability and abandon all kinds of expectations with your mind completely involved to the presence of the lord in all your work.  You must remain equipoised and tranquil in both   situations of the success and of   the failure. The   practice of maintaining composure   and equanimity of the mind is a yogic practice   and that exercise of such a practise brings peace and self-control of mind”.

Lord Krishna now dwells upon the consequences of the work done while keeping the expectation in the view,

“Dooren hayavaram karama budhdhiyogaadhananajay

Budhdhau sharanamnavichchh krapnaa phalhetava” (49)

“Hey Dhananjaya! A work performed that is based on the expectations of the results from the work done is debasing by far as compared to the work that is undertaken without any motivation. Therefore you should act as with calm temperament without any selfish interest. Those who work only to expect the outcomes from the task become very miserable as they cannot exercise any control on the consequences of the actions carried out by them”.

The lord shows pity towards those people who do every task for the sake of the fulfillment of their expectations. The   happiness gained on the fulfillment of the expectation can be, only transitory, momentary and short-lived. But if task is done without assigning any motives to it, and is treated as a task assigned by god, and for the universal welfare, it becomes the task of a karamyogi, inherent   and showered with the blessings of the God.

“Budhdhiyukto jahaateeha ubhe sukratdushkrate

Tasmaadhyogaay yujasava yoga karamsu kaushalam” (50)

“A person who expresses equanimity of the mind in all kinds of situations and does not get affected by the vice or the virtue, such a person attains emancipation from any kind of attachment and becomes selfless in his approach. You should strive to adopt selflessness and equanimity in your approach which is the path equal to that of accomplishing    perfection in all your actions. Such an action of selflessness and equanimity is also meant to make you free from any kind of attachment and motivation from the tasks. This is the philosophy of karma, i.e., performing to the best of one’s perfection without expectation of results is called Karma-yoga”

The lord Krishna maintains that karmas (action)   observed with expectation attached rather yield to the lack of fulfillment of the supreme emancipation. The karmas undertaken without any expectation and attachment, like the work meant for the universal good at large, have the God’s benevolence and blessings inherent in them and such tasks do not tie down any one. Rather such an approach of equanimity towards the action, leads to the freedom of the mind and the spirit and one attains liberation from the ordinary within this life time only and the lord sermonizes that this is the philosophy of karma.

“Karamajaa budhdhiyukto hi phalam tayaktvaa maneeshina

Janambandhan  vinirmuktaa padam gachhanatayanaamayam” (51)

“The learned and the knowledgeable persons who have abandoned their temptation   and have attained the state of equanimity from the action    are equipped with level-headedness and they become Karma-yogis. They attain freedom from the bondage of reincarnation as they have renounced the self-seeking involvement to the fruits of all action and   hence they attain blissful divine state of deliverance or Nirvana”.

Mankind has often spoken about attaining moksha (deliverance) from the mundane life and its bondages. The lord explains to Arjuna that this   deliverance is attainable within this birth of human life and you can become free from the burden of rebirths, if you master the level-headedness into all your actions and leave the result /expectations up to the God by performing every duty as the task undertaken for the universal welfare at large and show no connection to its success or failure   (i.e., fruit).

“Yadaa te mohakalilam budhdhivayaratitarishayati

Tadaa gantaasi nirvedam shrotvaaysaya shrutasay cha” (52)

“The moment you are able to completely control your emotional involvement of hope and delusion at that time you will attain indifference to the all that you have heard of  and of spoken about,   attractions of this life and the other life and become one with the supreme”.

Shruitvipratipanna Te yadaa sathaasayasti nischalaa

Samaadhaavachala budhdhisatadaa yogam vaapasayasi” (53)

“The time,   when your confused   intellect is able to come out of the bewilderment of worldly attractions, you   will be able to focus steadily, in the existence of the Supreme Being, then you shall attain union with the Supreme Being in trance   and you will attain deliverance from confusions”.

Lord Krishna has mentioned about the deliverance from the confusion, attractions of worldly affairs and at the same time attaining unity with the Supreme Being. The lord mentions that a yogi needs to be free from the allurements of this world and of the next world, to meditate   steadily without any distraction, focused completely on the existence of God, in order to become one with the Supreme Being. Many a times people undertake the rituals of the  worships, meditation, and other religious, spiritual and other   public welfare activities, for attaining deliverance in the next birth. Lord’s mention of the motivations of   attaining deliverance within this birth and the next birth to Arjuna speaks about the futility of getting involved into all such kinds of useless and deviating activities. He advises him to rather trust completely on one god and remain steadfast in his faith into one Supreme Being only.  

“Stithpragayasa kaa bhaashaa samaadhisathasaya keshava

Sathitdhi Kim praabhashet kimaaseet varajet Kim” (54)

Arjuna had been listening to the sermon delivered by lord Krishna with rapt attention, now wants to know as to who makes a man of steady wisdom and what are the characteristics and the qualities that can make such a wise man as the lord has been propagating. .

Says Arjuna, “O Keshava!  What is the description of a man who has been in possession of enlightened insight, who has attained deliverance from the mundane and who has become one with the Supreme Being? How does the man of enlightened insight speak?   What is his posture? How does he sit? How does he move about”? How does such a person interact with others, and manage to survive in this world”? Arjuna appears to be keen to learn from the lord the conduct of an enlightened man in order to understand as to how he could adopt the behavioral and   other higher celestial cerebral qualities in order to    become one such a progressive person himself and attain oneness with the supreme truth.

The lord   says,

“Prajahaati yadaa kaamaan sarvaan partha manogataan

Aatmanyevaatmanaa tushata sthitpragyastadochayate” (55)

“Oh Arjuna!  When  such  a person as  has completely abandoned all desires of the mind  and the sense and he gets himself completely immersed and contented with being one with the Supreme Being   and he enjoys the delight of Supreme Being, one such a person is then called an enlightened person who is in possession of  a balanced intellect”.

“Dukheshavanudwignamnaa sukheshu vigatasaparaha

Veetraagbhayakrodha stithdheermuniruchayate” (56)

The query raised by Arjuna regarding the enlightened person and his behavior has very deep and intricate connotations inherent within the question asked. Hence the lord must answer ad satisfy this inquiry in the same philosophical manner in which the disciple has expressed it. Says lord Krishna,

“The composure and evenness of intellect is not achieved by the one who gets perturbed by the sorrow, nor does he feel elated and crave for the pleasures.  An enlightened person is the one who has completely abandoned   the feelings and emotions of affection, fear, and anger. Such a person is said to possess an evenness of the mind. Such a person is called the enlightened one with a steady cerebral intelligence of the character”.

The lord maintains that such a progressive person retains his calmness of the emotions and balance of mind in all kind of situations. Neither does he express any kind of   emotional outburst of anguish, anger and remorse on any unfavorable situation, nor does he exhibit the feeling of getting excited and elated in situation that has produced favorable results. In fact such a person holds no emotional involvement in any action and object. He does not express the emotions of neither fear, happiness, aggression nor does he exhibit the emotional kind of attachment to the relationships, actions, motives and attachment and reactions to the consequences of any duty undertaken by him. Such a person as is devoid of the exhibition of such emotions, is called a sage with an even and steady cerebral   intellect and psyche.

The lord continues his discourse,

Yaa sarvatraan abhisaneha satatatpraapay shubhashubham

Naabhinandati na dweshti tasay pragya pratishthita” (57)

“Such a  detached  person as has no emotional  attachment  to anything, he neither feels elated nor does he get disturbed if he receives or does not receive the   good – omened or ill-omened objects i.e.,  or whether he  is in receipt of favorable  results or  unfavorable  results”.

Yadaa sanharate chaayam koormoagadaneev sarvasha

Indiraayaaninadariyaarthebhayasatasaya pragya pratishthita” (58)

“You must understand Arjuna! That it is like the withdrawing of all its limbs by a tortoise into its shell for protection and preservation. The same way when an enlightened person protects his senses from all kinds of sensual desires, he is then said to have   attained a balanced intellect”.

The lord means that no amount of temptation and attraction should be able to digress a person’s mind from his supreme objective i.e., the deliverance of the person from the mundane life and attaining assimilation into the Supreme Being. A person must have both the control of intellect and of the mind over his emotions and his desires of the senses. The control over intellect will be achieved only when the   command over the desires has been achieved by neither expressing   the yearning for the pleasures nor the expression of abhorrence for the displeasures. Such a person does not have any kind of, an expression of emotional failure or the success”.

“Vishayaa vinivartante niraharasay dehina

Rasvarjam rasoapayasaya param drashtavaa nivartate” (59)

“It is not enough simply to abandon desires, because even when the desire for sensual pleasures is forsaken by abstaining from the sensual gratification, the cravings for sensual delight exist in a very apparent form.  But this yearning and the passion completely vanish from the person once he has known the Supreme Being and has attained incorporation with Him”.

“Yaatato hayaapi kaunteya purushasaya vipashachita

Indriyaani pramaathini haranti prasabham mana” (60)

“Hey Arjuna! But an intelligent person, who has not been able to destroy his cravings, will be forced by the desires of his mind and the heart. His control   and level-headedness will be unwillingly overpowered by the power of the senses for sensual pleasures”.

Such a person as has not been able to completely overcome  his desires, cravings and the   attraction towards sensual pleasures becomes weak-minded and his abandonment is only short-lived till the time, he buckles down to the pressures of the mind and the heart again for sensual gratification and loses his equanimity and the poise. His deviation of the mind begins in such a situation resulting into his reverting back to the yearnings and the desires of sensual pleasures, and moving away from the path of the attainment of the truth.

“Taani saravaani sanyamaya yukata aaseeta matpara

Vashe hi yasyendriyaani tasaya pragya pratishthita” (61)

“Hence o Arjuna! It is essential that the devotee should exercise complete control over his senses and set his mind on God with constant meditation.   Such a person’s intellect becomes steady when his senses are under total control”.

“Dhayaayato vishayaan punsa sangadateshupajayate

Sagdaata sanjaayate kaama kamaatakrodho abhijaayate” (62)

“The contemplation of the earthly pleasures leads to the awakening of the enticement for those pleasures and the attraction towards the gratification leads to the creation of desires. And when the desires are not fulfilled and remain un-satiated, it results into the generation of the anger”.

“Krodhaa bhadawati sammoha sammohaatasmaritivibharama

Samarati bharashaad budhdhinaasho budhdhinasahatapranashyati” (63)

The lord advises Arjuna that “the expression of the anger leads to the delusion and disenchantment and the mind gets vitiated by the disenchantment resulting into the   loss of reasoning and logic by the mind. Such a person as has lost his logic and reasoning falls down from his status and he suffers”.

  The emotional turmoil on the unfulfilled expectations often leads to disappointment and bitterness causing frustration and anger amongst men.  Men when they get angry get so much involved into emotional outbursts that they   end up losing their presence of mind and the resultant loss of control over reasoning intellect. In such an emotionally charged state of mind they cannot make out the necessary distinction between the, desirable or the undesirable, good or the bad or the appropriate and the inappropriate behavior on such occasion. They will often in such a situation   get into un-contemplated decision making. Such a decision- making as taken in  emotionally   charged  angry situation  will not be correct for the occasion and hence will lead to the fall of men in their status and consequently into many other undesired situations. It is essential to keep emotions in check, maintain calmness and composure of mind in all state of affairs for a better and proper decision making which could be universal in its application and acceptance and be replete with the presence of the Supreme Being into it.  

The lord now discusses the advantages of maintaining a complete control over oneself and he says,

“Raag dwesh viyukataitastu vishyaan indariyaisharan

Aatam vashyai virdhyaatmaa praasaadam gachhagati” (64)

“But a disciplined person who has exercised and established complete control over his senses enjoys sense objects without any attachment or aversion in them and he attains internal harmony”.

For lord Krishna, it is not only the superficial giving up of the desires and temptations   as a show off externally like we humans indulge into, but it is very necessary to exercise a complete internal control over the senses and the sensory organs that will lead to the   freedom from the    deviation of the mind and help in achieving a supreme tranquility.

Says lord Krishna,

“Prasade sarvaa dukhanaam haanirasayopajaayate

Prasannchetso hayaashu budhdhi parayavatishathate” (65)

“All  kinds of  sorrows tend to perish by attaining the internal tranquility of the soul and the intellect of such a serene and tranquil person leaves all other deviations of the mind and become completely steady and dedicated into one supreme God “.

It is the attainment of the spiritual serene and calmness   of the mind and the soul that results into obliteration  of all kinds of sorrows, which otherwise are caused by the desire and temptation of the results expected and desired from the   action performed by the individuals for fulfillment of their duties. The  emotions of the  internal poise and the tranquility have  been referred to as the prasadam (blessings from God), which come to the human mind only after internal as well as external control on the desires and the temptations have been fully achieved by the mind. Such a state of the mind has been referred to as the heavenly bliss of tranquility in which The Supreme abodes.

“Naaste budhdhirayukatasaya na chaaykatasaya bhaavanaa

Na chaabhaavayata shaantiarashaantasaya kuta sukham” (66)

Such a person as who has not been able to exercise complete control over his senses and the mind, has not attained the transcendental intelligence and he does not have the emotional intelligence thus he is not connected with the Supreme God.  Such a person who is devoid of the emotions and the transcendental intelligence can never achieve his peace of mind and he can never be   ever happy   and will always be without the peace of mind’.

Indiriyaanam hi charataam yanamanoanu vidhiyate

Tadasay harati pragayaam vaayunaaravamivamabhasi” (67)

“Just as the strong winds of a storm steal away a boat roving into the   silent sea from its direction towards its destination, the same way a person’s only one sense into which the person’s   mind is involved can take away his intellect and its tranquility and peace of mind by diverting his attention away from all other senses”.

The temptations of the sensory emotions and the senses are too strong for any ordinary simple person to get himself emancipated from their grip on his mind and intellect.  The person has to exercise the   control of all his senses. He has to  manage  the leaving behind  of all desires ,  at all times , i.e., the external perceptions of the mind  and the internal cravings of the heart , all need to be controlled to grow an intellect that is steadfast in its acceptance of the Universal Truth and the Supreme God . Such a person as has lost control over even one small desire and gives up to the temptation of the senses, he will end up losing all his control on the    self, and subsequently he will lose his   intellect. His tranquility and his peace of mind   will also be missing.

“Tasmaadhayasay mahabaaho nigarahitaani sarvasha

Indirayaaninidriyaarathebhasay pragya pratishthita” (68)

Therefore oh Mahabaaho! (Arjuna is addressed as Mahabaaho, on account of his possessing large and strong   muscular arms ) only that person can possess a very steady intellect whose senses have been completely withdrawn from their sensual operations   into the objects and have been brought under complete self control by the person”.

“Yaa nishaan saravabhutaanaam tasayaam jaagriti sanyami

Yasyaan jagriti bhootaani saa nisha pashayato mune” (69)

“What remains as the darkness of the mind for all others becomes the awakening of the supreme God for the pious person (yogi or ascetic) who is steadfast in his attainment of the universal supreme truth. Such an ascetic (yogi) considers all those worldly pleasures as the darkness of the mind, for which all living beings lose their sleep. They lose their peace of the mind and their tranquility over the momentary pleasures of life, because they do not realize the real truth about the Supreme God“.

Such a person, who has gained his control over his passion and has abandoned his desire for worldly pleasure, seeks to reach the illumination of the mind and the intellect. He becomes one with the God because he has shown restraint towards the acquisition of all those earthly things and objects for which the whole world seems to have lost their stability of the mind. Such a person has been able to find the real meaning into the benevolence and the grand manifestation of the God and hence has attained the enlightenment of the intellect and the soul by way of spiritual serenity.

Aapurayamaana Machala pratishtham samudramaap paravishanti   yadavat

Tadavakaamaa yam paravishanti sarave sa shaanti maapanoti na kaamkaami” (70)

“Just as the waters from many kinds of rivers enter the   highly   regarded ocean without disturbing the calm of the ocean, the same way all kinds of eternal peace of mind are attained by the person who is free from all desires. The person who craves for and hankers after the worldly pleasures and the   possessions of the material objects is never ever peaceful”.

“Vihaaya kaamaan ya sarvaanpumaamshacharati Ni saparaha

Niramamo nirahakaara sa shantimadhigachhagati” (71)

‘A person who has given up all temptations, emotional attachments, has overcome his sense of self importance and self pride and has become free from the longings and the feelings of possessiveness,    attains the universal peace and tranquility   and the eternal bliss”.

“Aishaa braahami sathiti partha nainam praapay vimuhayati

Satithat vaasayaamanta kaaleapi braham nivaaranam arachchhati” (72)

“Hey Partha! This is the   attainment of the divine state of mind (Brahma sthiti)   of a person. The person who has attained this divine position of the mind does not get deluded by the senses and such a person attains integration into the universal truth and the Supreme God by getting immersed into the creator at the culmination of this life”.                                          

 

Maddening Corridors of Intrigues- 42

42

Sam had been visually disturbed after he had read the contents of the message the thick brown envelop contained for him. He looked at the package lying   at his table in the small office of the local community centre. This center was   situated in Mississauga an average upper middle class locality mostly inhabited by south Asian working groups whose fore fathers had migrated from their countries of origin to make a better living for themselves in a prosperous yet sparsely populated land of Canada . Sam had read the words “urgent and by air “written in bold letters on the outer cover many times. He had also glanced at and repeated aloud to himself each and every word of the letter many times over ever since it had been delivered by a special courier. He picked up the bundle of photographs of the couple that were sent along with the letter and closely looked at their faces. These photographs had been sent along with the letter by their family great Priest from the distant land of his fore fathers.  Both the husband and his wife appeared a very young couple who had been recently tied into the marital knot. Sam knew that “Only the brides who have been very recently been married were supposed to wear the kind of bangles this girl in the picture had been adorning. It was a social ritual to dress up like this in that part of the country. The girl was simply over laden by the gold ornaments she had been putting on her neck and arms”.  He noticed that she had also decorated her forehead with a long and pencil thin vermillion spot. She was kind of   indicating her marital status to the world at large.

  “But why would such a youthful and innocent looking couple who was still enjoying the freshness of their young marital bliss would seek to migrate out of their home country on a political asylum plea”. It was beyond Sam to understand and figure out the reason. 

He had many a times earlier helped new brides settle down in Canada, but those were the girls whose husbands had already been working in Canada on a work visa for sometimes. They had found it difficult to find a love mate for themselves in their adopted country of residence. It was but a natural tendency for such boys to fetch their brides from their home country.

 “Such luxury of finding a Spanish girl waiting for her prince charming from the land of Aryans was a rare occurrence in my case only “, he said to himself” as he remembered how he had found love for his tired soul in the little sparkling eyes of a   lovely bride from Spain. She was visiting Canada as a student on some kind of study exchange understanding program between the two countries. During her study abroad she was required to be staying with different families of foreign origin in Canada to understand their day to day living habits and cultures.  She was also studying the impact of the foreign culture on the offspring of these foreigners.  Her one of the projects included a stay at the farms of the family who had adopted Sam as their son. Since the old couple themselves could not take her around to show her their farms. They had asked Sam to take her around even though he could communicate with her only in broken English language. In fact their language of communication involved more of signs and gestures rather then the words.

 It was but natural that their living together through the day and night for a month long period had resulted into mutual infatuation and liking for each other. Once Sam had jokingly asked her “will you like to become my Indian bride?”  She indicated by the movement of her hands and fingers that she would like to be his bride provided she never was asked to go back to her  own country .   To his surprise he found her eagerly interested in settling down in Canada in order to take care of the old couple in their old age.  The old couple who had been deprived the pleasures of having any children of their own were too happy to learn that they were getting a daughter in law also along with their adopted son. The marriage a low key affair had been solemnized in the local community center in the presence of the local parishioners. 

Sam was only fourteen years old when he had to flee to Canada. He was living along with his two siblings and his old parents in a small village in India. He knew that meager income earned by his father from a small land holding could hardly help them make their ends meet, yet he was too small a child to do any thing about it. Many a times his father had wanted to migrate to the near by large town to find some kind of employment as a laborer so that he could fend for his family members. Living was getting hard to come by in India as their family had grown in size. The small piece of agriculture land had been shrinking every time a new mouth to feed had been brought to the world of human species by the married members of the family. Such frequent fragmentation of cultivable land often led to recurrent fracas within the family members. They were alienated from each other yet almost living under the same roof due to lack of resources to build another dwelling for the separated family members. It was during one such heated argument between his father and one of the cousins’ of his father that Sam had lost his cool and hit the cousin brother of his father with the shovel.

 He had carried the shovel with him to control and direct the flow of water from the rivulet to their farm lands for irrigation of crops. The small rivulet carrying canal waters that passed through their fields was the only source of irrigation for the farming community. The village panchayats had allocated every family different days of the weak when they could divert river waters to their fields in order to ensure each family in the village got sufficient waters to raise their crops.

 “ Come with me to the fields”, his father who always wanted his elder born to take to farming at the earliest in order to save expense on hired labor, had held him by the hand, “ I will teach you how to divert waters from one field to another for irrigation ”. As they reached their farms they noticed to their dismay that their farm was still completely dry even though his father had directed irrigating waters to the small piece of land a few hours earlier.  The cousin brother of his father had cut off the stream of water   pouring into their fields. He had diverted the flow of the brook towards the adjoining farmlands owned by him.

Sam’s father kept his cool and requested the person who had diverted water away, in a very polite manner, “my dear brother it is my turn today to tend to my little piece of land. I believe by mistake you have disturbed the run of waters going into my fields.  Please allow me to redirect the same so that the crops growing into   my farms can also be irrigated”.

His father’s cousin instead of listening to reason started use of filthy language against his father, “you mother… you sister ….how dare you touch the stream going into our fields”.

 Sam saw his father had still kept his temper in check.  He was telling his cousin brother who was much younger to him in age “let me tend to my agriculture fields at least for half a day only so that the plants growing therein can be moisturized. You are well aware that if I do not provide waters to these plants at this time of the year,  this vegetation will die of thirst and lack of irrigation.   You can utilize the balance half day from my kitty to irrigate your part of the land. I will personally divert this water into your fields once again”.

 The man who had abused Sam’s father continued hurling filthy words on both of them. Sam himself could have given in to any kind of ill-treatment if it was met out to his own person.  But he could not tolerate the insults being hurled by anyone on his father.  In a fit of rage Sam picked up the piece of iron shovel fitted on to a long wood handle from the ground. He lifted the iron shovel much above his head and   hit the man who has been abusing his father on the neck. The impact of the shovel hit the man so hard and sharp that it severed the head and face of his uncle from the neck.  A pool of blood had smeared his face. Sam’s father too had been drenched in the blood from the falling dead body. His father raised the young child in his arms and ran into the fields of sugarcane whose height could have hidden both of them.

 “What have you done my child? We will be hunted by the villagers and the policemen. They will hang us by the neck. You did not have to kill your uncle when I was simply talking to him.”

 “But father he was abusing you.”  Sam did not understand why his father was wailing and weeping. “Now that his uncle was gone we can have all the waters to ourselves. We will get enough yields to feed the family”, Sam told his father. His little and tiny reasoning refused to accept that he had done any thing wrong in hitting the man who himself was a thief and a man with foul language.   

 They walked through the sugarcane fields for days together till they arrived at the main city from where his father had asked him to board a truck to the capital town. The truck operator took pity on the emaciated young boy and fed him food on the way. It was truck operator who suggested “my sister’s family in Canada needs young men like you to work in their farm lands and if you agree to go their you can not only hide from the law but make a decent living too.” he had no other choice but to accompany the old lady who adopted him as a son and brought him to the distant lands. He had soon become a known new name “Sam” from the long forgotten address given to him by his biological parents.         

The small neighborhood inhabited by the Asians i.e.  Chinese, Pakistanis, Indians and Bangladeshis, of the Mississauga immigrants has never seen the kind of hot and warring arguments that took place in the community center this evening. The head of community center was elected every year by the members to manage the affairs of the community centre besides as head of the small knit family of immigrants from distant lands he was also in a way responsible to fight and argue for their better rights with the governmental authorities.  Sam had been voted the undisputed and unopposed head for this season too. His ideals of universal brotherhood, greater   sense of cosmopolitanism and humanism had always been appreciated by the members of the societies formed by the immigrants of different nationalities. They always felt that only he was capable of genuinely fighting for their rights with the members of the governing council of an alien government.  Sam had on his part too very conscientiously done every effort to keep the harmony of good relationships going between even citizens from countries who had traditionally been fighting never ending battles with each other otherwise.

“I know there are troubles brewing in my home state in the distant land but I believe such small differences of opinion are in fact the backbone of a greater democracy. Every time the ballot take place in any country there are political ripples created by the change over of the ruling statutes moving from one party to another. Each country of the world has always been in the hands of either rightists or the leftists. There is no middle path that could unite the thought and the philosophy of both and produce a government that could be acceptable to all citizens of the country. The politicians in order to keep themselves into the seats of power would often cross-floors as the opportunity presented itself to them. An unscrupulous politician who fought on the rightist’s ticket in last elections may opt for the leftist agenda this year if he believed that leftists will gain majority votes by fooling the electorate with attractive manifesto. It may so happen to the contrary if the politician believed otherwise.  Such freedom of thought and action though provided ample scope to any individual to select his own political ideology”. Sam had advocated his thoughts at the meeting of the community many a times.  In fact he had always wanted a change of guard even at the community center lest his opponents will start throwing mud and bricks at him too after a few years of his continuous support by the members. The media had been too strong in the west and the news of such troubles brewing at places wherever the incumbent remained more than the desired time in power had always found the main headlines in newspapers.   But that was not Sam’s point of anxiety and concern.

 He was disturbed at the news of whatever has been happening in his home country that he had left ages ago. As a matter of principle he did not want that the troubles brewing into the political realm of his home country should be brought to the land that had so lovingly adopted him first as a son and then as a responsible citizen. “But that the peaceful and harmonious atmosphere of this social living” Sam knew by now, “may not remain so”. Too many young boys and girls had been coming into the country by legal and illegal routes as stowaways and as the sufferers of political vendettas. They had all been looking for a political or human asylum into this country. Such huge turnouts of stow away and illegal immigrants were becoming cause of concern for this country’ government. It was just last week only that a question had been raised very seriously in the parliament by one of the labor group member of parliament.  Sam who had been virtually a stowaway himself with no identity, tag or marking of nationality or citizenship on him when he had landed onto the shores of this country; always sympathized with such people. This earth had also always sympathized with any one who knocked at its door for a genuine cause. But past few months’ clashes of the youngsters within Sam’s own community had put him on the alert. He would now generally avoid helping people in cases of any kind of immigration needs wherever he could. He had this time however been under too much obligation of the great priest Rajamantran. It was difficult for him to deny the priest a favor ordained by him.

  “I can understand the political compulsions and pressures exerted by the relatives from India on people living in Canada to help them in sending  their progeny into the foreign country to make quick money on account of currency differentials . I too have helped in sponsoring many a families from my village to this place. But this request or rather order from the head of the shrine had put me in a dilemma” Sam spoke to himself. “My sense of foreboding warns me that this young man about to enter the borders of my adopted abode will spell trouble in times to come. Yet I am in no position to refuse the great Priest”.

 Sam’s had checked with his source at the shrine. He told him “this young man had made an attempt to kill the home minister Aaham of the country. There is a police warrant issued against him in the home state. It is possible the international agencies could be on the look out for him. However a political asylum can help him avert arrest and gain entry into your country. You as a community representative will have to sponsor him initially as a tourist. May be later on he can lodge a legal claim for a political asylum on humanitarian grounds. The   great Priest ordains you to do this as he feels that this is only a small favor you will be doing to the shrine. Such services rendered by you will of course not go unrewarded.  You will be honored at the appropriate time by the shrine for giving your total self to the greater cause”.

 Sam reluctantly picked up envelop that was lying on the table. But this time he did not open it to look at the face portrait of young couple who were arriving by the late evening flight into Toronto Pearson International Airport. He pocketed the thick brown cover into his breast pocket. He rose himself up reluctantly to go to the airport. He had to collect the immigration lawyer on the way to the airport to get their request for tourist visa filed. It had to be done in advance before the young man and his newly wed touch the land of this adopted country. Immigration officer at the Toronto Pearson International Airport who had dealt with such cases by the dozen every day for past many years did not bother Sam with many questions. He stamped the temporary visa for the young couple. Sam had provided the personal guarantee for their civilized conduct during their stay.  He however knew that he may have to file their case for political asylum later on after they have actually entered the borders of this country. But Sam was aware that even getting a temporary tourist visa into this country had not been an easy task.   He will have to now ensure the young man do not get into his political activities in this country, at the very least till his appeal for a political asylum had been favorably granted. But he was still skeptic whether the visitor will get in touch with the doctor the master mind behind generating all kinds of political upheavals in India. The recent statements by the doctor and his call for a separate country and one more partition of their country that they had left behind had caused enough embarrassment for the community in this foreign land.

 

 

Maddening Corridors of Intrigues 41

Koena opened her eyes after she had heard the chirping of two sparrows. The sparrows had entered into their bed room through the half open ventilator. The young tweeting birds were looking for a safe and secure place to build their nest somewhere within the room. They were carrying the bits of grass in their mouths. The birds conducted a thorough inspection of the place they were going to make their home. They encircled the bed room all over and eventually settled for the small empty but secure breathing space inside the canopy of the unused fan hung on the ceiling. The lady bird flew out again to pick up some more bits of grass while her male companion   bird got busy setting up the earlier brought bits of grass into their new home.  They had selected this place for laying eggs and bringing their offspring into the world.

Koena continued watching   the male bird closely.  She noticed that the male bird too was amused at knowing the fact that a female of human species has shown a keen interest in him. The male bird spread both its wings and danced for a while in order to impress the lady of the house. It was as if he was requesting her that he should be allowed to have his temporary residence within the precincts of her private domain.  He also sang a short melodious bird song for sometime. Finally after satisfying himself that the lady will not mind their setting up an abode within their sleeping room; he flew out of the room to call his ladybird of his house back.

That reminded Koena to look around for her companion too. He has been missing from their marital bed. She vividly remembered the night long session of lovemaking with him. She was at first reluctant to get physically closer enough to him. She had felt too shy to ward off his amorous approaches. She had pushed him gently away as he kissed her on the lips. “I must talk to you about an important subject matter and please come near me “he pulled her towards the bed and put his arms around her. The softness of the touch    melted her in no time. After then it all continued like a dream sequence. He did not even allow her take out her night gown. He mounted her and as he entered her, the pain had become too much to bear.  She let out a loud cry but remembering others were too staying in the house; she had controlled herself by putting her hand over her mouth. The rhythmic movements soon turned her pain into the enjoyable ride and then it became like a deep swim into the ocean gradually engulfing her in its wonderful explosions which came one after the other.  She had lost count of the number of times they made love to each other. Late into the night, almost when the night was too close to dawn, their sweet tiredness brought an instant sleep to both of them and they were lost into each others arms.

Maddening Corridors of Intrigues – 40

He had been sitting on the iron railing, encircling the lake. The lake was situated on the outskirts of the city. He had been in waiting there for over two hours now. He was waiting for the motorcade of the home minister Aaham to emerge from the street below.  The winter fog of the early morning had enveloped the road completely making it difficult for any one to see beyond a few yards.   That is why the members of the spotting party deployed just outside the Rajbhavan had been instructed to send a motorcyclist in advance to forewarn him as soon as the caravan carrying the home minister Aaham started its journey from there. He rubbed his palms to keep the winter chill away from his hands. The numbness in his fingers could prove fatal.  What if he failed to pull the trigger first, in that split second the security cover of the VIP will blow him into pieces. He recalled the training given to him by General Durjan when he was assigned the first job of killing the police officer in the Sanctum Sanctorum.  “It is either you or the target that loses the life.  The split second spent on dithering has caused many a sharp shooters to end up their missions by paying up with their lives. Once you have made up your mind to do away with the subject, you must do it with all precision and ruthlessness. Otherwise you must be ready to get your top chopped off instantly as there will not be a second chance for you to pull the trigger. The second shot always belong to the opponent”.

He could see vague specks of light in the distance travelling towards him. The motorcyclist came near him. He had thrown the orange peels on the road and sped away. He was giving him the necessary signal that the caravan was on its way and will be there in next two minutes. Ranjit took position behind the small mile stone on road.  It was an open jeep leading the pack of security cauldron followed by a fire brigade vehicle. He let both the automobiles pass through. He or his companions did nothing to disturb the smooth run of both the motors that were leading the motorcade.  “The home minister Aaham will be occupying the third white ambassador car; the first two cars will be used as a decoy. You must avoid them at any cost”, the informant had clear description of the seating arrangements of the cavalcade of the VIP.

He hid himself behind the thick hedge of wild foliage that had been growing on the side path of the road and pulled one of the bushes over his face as the first high intensity bomb ripped through the floor of the white ambassador car leading the pack.  The car flew to the right side of the road and fell into the ditch. There was a strong smell of human flesh burning into the air.  The occupants of this car would hardly have had an inkling of what had hit them as they were blown into smaller bits of burning balls in no time.

The deafening sound of the explosion deafened Ranjit’s ears for a while. The flash of the fire blinded the drivers of all vehicles of the cavalcade who were following the car that was blown into pieces.  The driver of the car that was there in the middle of the caravan could not apply the brakes in time and went over the rear fender of the car leading in the front that came off the vehicle hit by the bomb.

The driver of the automobile carrying the home minister Aaham avoided the clash with the car ahead of him. He steered his automobile to the left of the road. His grazing tires screeched as they turned at a very high speed missing the iron railing by the scrape of a hair. The driver wanted to take off from the scene of the explosion to save the home minister Aaham. He had also simultaneously shifted the gear into top speed when he saw his very important passenger’s life was in danger.

But Ranjit gave him not a chance to escape.  When the white ambassador car reached near him, Ranjit leapt over the railing and fired continuously on the occupants of the vehicle from a distance of three to four feet.  First volley of bullets hit the driver of the car and the security guard in their faces.  The car soared   through the iron railing on the road and it turned turtle. He fired the next round but the shots  sprayed out of the Kalashnikov  hit the door in the rear and the clinkering sound of bullets striking the iron could be heard all over the place. He had no time to see if any of the bullets fired by him had found their targets amongst the occupants sitting in the seat at the back of the vehicle. He had seen that the Home minister Aaham had ducked underneath the rear wall of the front seat.

But there was no time to wait and check the effects of the hundreds of   bullets that had materialized from his fire emitting gun. Ranjit fled towards the residential sector adjoining the lake road on foot and soon he would have been lost himself into the swallowing up fog.  But it appeared those security men who were leading the home minister Aaham’s caravan in their jeeps were too determined. They had come back after they saw the flashing fires of bullets and rising of the smoke towards the skies in their rearview mirror of their vehicles.

“There he goes”, someone had shouted in the dark. “You must take cover”, he had heard another voice from the same direction. “He may have another bomb”.   A bullet whizzed past Ranjit’s left ear without hitting him. He knew he had been dotted by the hawk’s eyes of the elite commandos who had been especially trained to provide security to the very important politicians of the country.

He was well aware that very soon all these security men will outrun him if he continued running in the open like this. He jumped over the first boundary wall that he came across and ran towards the back yard of the house. “I should find a way out from the other end” Ranjit thought aloud.  To his dismay the back yard of the house ran into a mesh of sharp edged wires that separated the two grounds falling into the middle of two adjoining bungalows. He knew he had been cornered and it was not possible to jump over the wired mesh.

“I wonder if it is the end of the world for me today” he told himself “I have hardly been able to savor the love of my newlywed for a few hours to go away like this.  She does not even know that I am not at home sleeping next to her.  She was in too deep a slumber after intense love making on her first blissfully wedding night”

He heard the human shouts were moving towards him and then a loud shriek of some one having been hit by a gun shot in the front of the house. “Who is it”, an authoritative voice boomed in the courtyard as the overhang lights came on. Ranjit fired towards the tube light shattering it into many small splinters.  The dweller inside the house put off all their lights.

“It was now or never”, he thought and ran towards the front gate spraying a volley of bullets from his Kalashnikov.  The security officer from the home minister Aaham’s entourage on his trail was taken by complete surprise. His still body behind the cover wall of outer boundary had been hit by the spray of bullets form Ranjit’s gun. It flew a few feet into the air and slumped back into the ground. Ranjit saw another figure slouched into the small plants of rose bushes.  One of his   companions had been done away with mercilessly by some of the security men. He did not stop by to look back who it was. It will be a while before some one from the house will find courage enough to come out and realize how many have been killed and by whom He sprinted   at frightening speed   till he had covered the distance of a few lanes taking him away from the house under the siege of the security personnel. He slowed down his pace after he noticed that he had come a long way away form the scene of the shootout.  He showed no hurry as he walked towards the main four lane road leading away from the residential rows of huge compounds. It appeared as if he had never missed his morning sun rise and today also he was out on a morning walk to take pleasure in looking at the sun coming out of the hidden blue skies behind the fogs that emanated skywards from out of the fresh airs of the lake waters.

“It will be a long  while before some one from the house will find courage enough to come out and realize how many have been killed and by whom. By that time I will be back with my beloved”, Ranjit told himself. He found his sweat shirt and the track suit including Nike joggers in the back seat of a car parked by one of the boys on the far end of the road.  He changed into the track suit and did not forget to tie the laces of the Nike joggers.  He told the boy to drop him a few paces ahead of the house on the opposite direction to the one from which he had been running away.

The falling drops of sweat on his brow could tell any one that he has had a long jog. But his ordeal was not over yet.

“Hey you, in the blue track suits”, he heard a voice from behind “what are you doing here on the road at such an early hour”.

It was a police inspector walking towards him. The inspector raised his baton he was carrying in his right hand and beckoned him to stop.

“Oh a running freak’, he pointed towards his track suit and joggers, “but you better be careful schmuck, winter is at its peak and you may catch cold”.

The inspector was observing him very carefully and closely. “Are you not the same guy who got married at the shrine yesterday? How can you leave your newly wed asleep in the bed alone? Do you come here for a morning run? Do you not know the times are bad for even an early morning run? There are prowlers on the road.  You could get killed. There has been an attempt on the life of the home minister Aaham, a few minutes ago. We shall have to haul you up for questioning”, the police inspector shifted his baton to his left hand and took out his revolver from the holster. He pointed it towards Ranjit. “You thank your stars that I am a disciple of the shrine and hence I am not firing at you.  Otherwise I have orders to shoot at any one found running on this road. Come let us get moving fast before any of my seniors pass through here”.

Ranjit behaved as if he was mortally scared to hear the news of attack on the home minister Aaham’s life. He spoke to the cop in a stammering tone, “oh my god! Do you mean sir they had tried to kill that minister who had come to the shrine to bless us on our wedding day? He is a very nice and gentle human being.  I sincerely hope and pray that nothing happened to him. How bad are the times .I did not want to break my routine of daily morning run. But how the hell would a common folk like me know what lies  in store for him on the roads .I thank my stars that I did not strayed too  much away from my home. I must get back home instantly.  I thank you for informing me that you are a member of the shrine. That means we are co brothers. Then we must have a similar bent of mind.  Will you please let me go? I must reach home early”. He folded his hands in a gesture of having been obliged.

“Thanks” Ranjit said. He started running in the direction leading towards his   home on the double.

The inspector fired a bullet shot close to Ranjit’s legs. Ranjit could smell the burning fire from the burnt cloth of his pajamas.  The heat of the fire was very close to his knees.  He by instinct knew that any further move by him to run away from this spot would mean his legs will be definitely broken by another pull on the trigger. He stood still and waited for the police man to come near him.

“If there are others of his fellow officers they should soon join him. Then the odds will be against one to too many. If I have to save my life then I must immediately take control of the situation.  As otherwise the entire struggle of the fight to freedom will come to a naught”.

The police man by now had come too close to his attacking vicinity. He pressed the muzzle of his revolver close to Ranjit’s head. “One more move by you and you will be dead. Just board the vehicle quickly and quietly”, the inspector shoved the gun into his left side lower earlobe. He pushed him towards the police jeep parked on the other side of the road.

“It is now or never “thought Ranjit and went straight for police inspector’s two eyes. He jabbed his fingers into the sockets of those eyes. The inspector shrieked in extreme agony. The revolver in inspector’s hands could not take the pressure of his finger on the trigger; a stray shot from the firearm hit the ground below. Ranjit gave one more chop hand blow on the officers’ neck again and with one strike he had broken his wind pipe. Blood started oozing from his victim’s nose and mouth.  The instant gush of fluid choked his nostrils making it extremely difficult for him to breathe.  The police inspector had fallen on the cold and damp earth below on both his knees. Ranjit snatched the firearm from his hand. He   put two bullets into his forehead creating two gaping holes.

Ranjit raised the revolver close to his lips and blew into the smoke coming out of the barrel. “Thanks for the souvenir but I do not need this”, Ranjit wiped off his fingerprints from the metal and put the revolver back into the holster hung onto the dead body of the police inspector. He kicked the corpse into the ditch dug up by the road building department onto the roadside.  Ranjit knew that soon it will be discovered by his fellow officers, when they would notice the lone vehicle parked on the road. He started his jog towards home blowing a whistle to the tune of latest film song. “The occasion calls for an early morning repeat of the fete performed by me last night along with my newlywed” he smiled to himself.

Ranjit slipped himself quietly into the small entrance to his home.  He picked up the bunch of garden pipes lying in the front of the green lawns and started spraying water on the plants, “the gardener should also be on his way to tend to them”.

Maddening Corridors of Intrigues 39

The press photographers representing various newspapers were vying with each other to get a complete coverage of the event for their readers. They had been requesting Ranjit Sehgal and his newly wed to pose for photographs so that they could get a wider coverage in the evening issue. Howsoever hard he tried he could not avoid being clicked by almost all of the photojournalists present on such a grand occasion. Ranjit wanted to get away from the venue where his marriage was organized. He was afraid of not only his past activities but he was also anxious that his relationship with the great priest Rajamantran will be give him an unwanted  exposure in the eyes of the police and other investigating agencies. He was apprehensive that the sleuths of the investigation bureau will begin smelling through their many noses around. His basic strength so far has been to remain as unassuming as possible and here too he wanted to perform the role of a commoner so that his freedom to movement was not hampered. He was never in favor of solemnizing his marriage in the public eye. It was great Priest’s habitual practice to rather give a widest possible publicity to all his activities in order to attract not only the common village folks but also the politicians and the bureaucrats of all kinds. He considered them as prize trophies to be displayed on all occasions. It was General Durjan who explained to him, “You must not behave like a touch me not in front of the press and the politicians. They are all here every year.  These functions have been organized during this part of the year for past many centuries. There are no ways that any one tying the matrimonial knot under the auspices of the shrine can be associated with the political aspects of the shrine. The act of getting the young couples married is a mere social and philanthropic act of the great priest.  However if you act like as if you are trying to hide something that may give the press as well as the police a reason to look for meanings where there none exists so far. In case you are worried about your family coming forward to claim their relationship with you and giving out your real identity to your bride rest assured they have already donated you to the cause of the shrine. Your parents have accordingly been informed of your decision to spare them the pain and humiliation of falling into the hands of investigating agencies; should you get caught any time in life. In the records of their life no son ever existed by your name. They will simply disown you in the event of any one asking them about their first born son. You must be and remain the persona you have created for yourself i.e. Mr. Ranjit Sehgal from England whose dear mother breathed her last waiting for her wayward son to return home along with his newly wed bride”.

“But I always thought there was glory and fame attached to people who have led their nation to the path of victory. Why would then my original parents be ashamed of their association with me. In fact I am afraid they will be too keen to come forward and claim all kinds of relation with any one who serves the seer and his mission. And that is what I am afraid and apprehensive of; as I do not want the fact known to the world that a father who works for the police establishment has a progeny who have crossed line to a point of no return, that he is a declared ultra fighting against the same establishment”.

“These are simply your misgivings. You better get rid of such thoughts at the earliest and start accepting the fact that you and only you will be the next in line to the legacy of the great Priest. He does not have any one in his lineage to carry on the work started by him. The sweet nectar of fame, power, political heritage and the wealth of large fortune awaits you in the very four walls of sanctum sanctorum. It is the time to rejoice and celebrate. I will see  that  you and your family are driven down to your new home immediately but do not forget to seek blessings of pontiff before you leave for your honeymoon”, General Durjan winked at him mischievously.

Ranjit saw his mother in law walking towards them; she was accompanied by her husband and a few other friends, “young man in case we do not have some other ceremonies to attend   to we can go home. You and your wife will also need rest as you must have been exhausted after a long day. You can see Koena is not able to walk even; she has been on fast for the entire day and insists she will have some thing to eat only after saying her prayers at her new home. Since the great pontiff is busy with his other political guests. It is time to make our move; if we walk out quietly no one will even notice our departure”.

Ranjit felt General’s hand on his shoulder, he was pointing towards pontiff  coming out of his chambers, stooping low and brows held high as if he was in great rage but smiled returned on his celestial face as soon as he saw Ranjit’s “you are still around my children,  your  family members are waiting  anxiously to take you home . Go my child go, the world of heavenly pleasures welcome you because every thing else in this world is temporary except the fact of procreation. The family life must be started by you on the auspicious note. May you and your beautiful wife produce as many soldiers for saving the honor of our nation? Go and lead a blissful married life but do not forget you also have a duty towards the religion and the community which must be honored when the time demands”, the pontiff moved on towards other couples to bless them.

Ranjit’s mother in law bent low, she folded her both hands and requested the pontiff, “I shall be too thankful to your lordship for giving us the honor of retrieving the trust of the community. Ever since my wedding I used to worry whether my children will ever be accepted back by the members or will it is that they too like me have to be married outside our marshal community. I am willing to work for the shrine at any time. Please do let us know if I or my progeny could be of some service to the faith”.

Ranjit felt quite amused, he knew the old lady’s quest for money will lead her too ultimately to become a part of the movement led by the shrine. . There has often been discussion for forming a women’s wing that could bring about the revolution amongst the fairer sex. He however wondered if his father in law was aware of the seeds that were being planted in his wife’s mind. She was virtually falling into the same trap of money and political power that had lured Ranjit into it.

He opened the door to the rear seat to the plush luxury car, presented to him by the shrine on his wedding day. The gift wrap and the ribbons from front fender to the bumpers at back were still intact; he asked Koena to cut ribbons barring entry to the rear seat and slid himself next to her after she had settled down on the extreme left corner. He prevented his mother in law to get inside the car and requested her to join them in the vehicle that was following them. He did not want any one else to sit near to his bride, “no one except me will sit next to her. All of you can come in the other cars”, he had to tell his brother in law and father in law. Though Munna insisted for a while to sit near to his sister but was told in hushed tones by Koena to listen to what he was being told. She nudged Ranjit on his rib cage when he sat next to her “you are   being over possessive. I will not say that I do not like it; I am being flattered”. “Yes I am being jealous of the beauty, a beauty that no other woman possesses. You look like a fairy to me and I do not want any other human being near you except me”:  Koena kind of lost her consciousness for a minute when he spoke these words passionately into her ears. The words were spoken so softly that the driver in the front could not hear any thing; otherwise also he too was lost in looking at the out of this world beauty of celestial nature. Ranjit jokingly asked him to turn the rear view mirror to the other side “you can stare at your own bride when you reach your home. This one strictly belongs to me”.  Koena hid her face behind her henna colored hands in sheer embarrassment. Ranjit kissed her hands and realized he was getting excited. The sweet smell of her youth mixed with the fragrance of the perfume she was wearing gave him the feeling of possessiveness he had never felt before. His heart and mind started to pound and the throb of hardness between his loins reminded him, “He will finally have her all to himself tonight and for the rest of their lives”.  The thought started massaging his ego as well. There will be  no fear of any Arabian sheikh or the cigar smoking boss playing at back of his mind when he finally gets down to business of celebrating union of his manhood with the woman of his dreams. He felt stronger today, stronger than any other male of the species.  He wondered how the journey of life progresses; from a vagabond to drug courier to a gun carrier, to a mercenary, to the savior of the nation; the supersonic fast progression was beyond his comprehension.

Last words spoken by General were still echoed in his ears, “you are the natural heir to the throne. He is preparing you to take on should any thing happen to him”. He could visualize a sea of humanity lying prostrate at his feet, till he was woken up by the sound of music being played out side his own house. His friends from shrine had decorated his house to accord a grand welcome to him and his lovely bride. He extended his hand to help her alight from car. She was almost as tall as him, he noticed for the first time, as she took her soft steps into her new world.

Koena saw bevy of flowers arranged into bedroom to which she was led by the boys dancing to the tunes of love lyrics played by the orchestra downstairs. She noticed the soft psychedelic lights playing in the room and sweet smell of perfume pervading all over the place, she asked her mother, “are you enacting the part of my groom’s mother as well tonight by arranging my marital bed and the décor?” “Not me, these are possibly his friends from the shrine. The great priest Rajamantran must have sent them to give a memorable night to his favored nephew. Did you see the luxury car that brought you here? How lucky you are my dear! Let no evil eye be cast on you my child. I want both of you to remain happy and content forever in life”.

“I know mom I shall never forget the stance you took against dad. But his apprehensions were also not uncalled for; we have been reading about the great priest Rajamantran and his boys in the newspaper often. He has virtually become a threat to the communal harmony and peace in the country. I sincerely hope Ranjit has nothing to do with the political heritage of his uncle”.

“These are simply your misgivings dear, how can a man handling a multi millionaire worth of business afford to even indulge in such pastime. In any case both of you will be moving out of this country soon and then god willing we will also join you there”.  Koena crossed her fingers but she still had a fear gnawing at her heart, “what if she had taken a wrong decision, what if her love could be blind thus preventing her to see the actuality? She jerked her head “let me not think of any negatives. Ranjit can never have betrayed me, but if it so happens,” she decided, “that will be the end of their relationship”.

“Do you intend staying here in the same room overnight mother in law”, Ranjit amusingly winked at her “in that case I better go back to the shrine to please gods so that they could help me possess my bride from her mother even after I have been legally wedded to her”. Koena knew these words were said in pure innocence and her husband meant no offence to her mother, still in order to bring down the impact of any unintentional insult if at all felt by her mother she took cudgels against him, “sir you dare not touch me till the final permission is sought by you by promising my mother that you will never ever be the cause of any tears in her daughter’s eyes”. Ranjit pinched at his throat “I swear by all my love for your daughter madam, you will never find me ever the reason for any misfortune or misbehavior to your beloved child. But I can also assure you I will give her so much love tonight, if only you will leave us alone for the night”.

“This man is all in a mood to make it special for his wife tonight. He does not recognize any relationship or friends.  Let us leave him alone with his bride madam”, one of the boys who had brought Koena into the room led her mother away to the other portion of the house.

Ranjit held his wife back by the hand as she got up from the bed to make some space for him, “come my dear you do not have to accompany your mother to the door.  I am sure my boys will take care of all her necessities. We have lot of things to discuss tonight”, he pulled her close towards him and looked meaningfully into her eyes. She could not avoid the intoxicating stare and was lost into the love filled depth of his eyes. “Will you please permit me to close the door”, she wanted to tell him but was stopped from speaking any words. He put his hot lips onto her soft petals, pulled her towards him with his right hand and bolted the door with the left hand. He lifted her off the ground and took her to the bed with their lips sealed till she found it difficult to   breathe and virtually forced him to take his lips away by pinching his nostrils by her two fingers. “Easy be the Youngman I am your law fully wedded wife now.  No one is going to take me away from you”.

Maddening Corridors of Intrigues 38

Chief Minister Pratap was explaining to the state police chief Nirbhaya, “I am aghast at the invitation extended to me by the great Priest. Not only that he also had the temerity to spite me by telling that my rival will be presiding over and blessing the newly weds. This tradition which was established in the fourteenth centuries to marry off the young ones at the community gatherings to save them the cost of weddings and to eliminate the bridegroom price is virtually degenerating into show of public followings and the strength thereof by the rivals in politics. We must somehow both take it out of the hands of the so called social reformers and bring it under the control of administration. We must device rules for not making the function a political platform by any one. But I know my own party members have been quite keen to start using this platform for their political mileages which I have been resisting all along”.

Nirbhaya, “You are in the wrong profession sir! I do believe a person of your vision and principles can take the state and country too far and show a new path to the builders of nation. But I also know that the likes of big man will hardly allow you to survive. In fact he must already be plotting your obituary with Colonel Bangru and you can get the summons in no time. I have not come here to rub salt on your wounds but to tell you that I too am suffering from the same injuries. My team’s entire efforts will come to a naught should the Governor write the death knell of the state assembly. But before that happens I will ask you to sign the orders permitting my men to raid the sanctum sanctorum and arrest the great priest Rajamantran and his protégés. We have picked up sufficient evidence from the two boys who had been   caught by Meena and his officers from the railway station. They were initially a tough nut to crack; but when they were made a target by their own companions from the shrine they decided to sing a song”.

“You mean Meena is still holding on to those two boys; but his report states that the boys were killed in the bomb blast at the office of the senior superintendent of police”.

“It is certain that no judicial officer will sign his own death warrant by permitting us hold these boys for long with us. Hence they have not been produced in any court. We shall of course do that when we have to make use of their witness for damning the great priest Rajamantran and his men”. Nirbhaya knew that Pratap will never be able to sign a search warrant that could damn him for many generations, “none dare do that. The sanctum sanctorum is too sensitive and sacred a place. Yet the great priest Rajamantran was committing sacrilege with the connivance and the cowardliness of some of the selfish and self centered political heavyweights. Still there is no harm in convincing the most pliable politician. May be he can see reason and prevent the disaster we   both anticipate. He has so far been able to resist adopting the double edged face of a politician and I am sure he will never be able to adopt one”.

The chief minister Pratap was expressing his sympathetic consideration to the state police chief rather than agreeing to sign the search warrants “I do understand your eagerness to bring the offenders down to their knees. I also can see the pain and frustration of you and your colleagues for not being able to do so. But let me tell you in politics it is not always the law of the land that is upheld. Even though we are the makers of laws of the land yet we scoundrels many a times pretend ignorance to the legal prerequisite. We create our own convenient interpretation of the law to suit our convenience. In this case too I will permit you to raid the peripheral offices to the sanctum sanctorum.  It will be up to you and your team to either challenge the culprit to move out of their hide. You must be able to otherwise on your own initiative get inside to fight it out and bring him to the book. I am sure you would not want my entire successive generations to suffer the stigma that I permitted you to defile the sacred territory”.

Pratap had stretched himself on the table to pick up a pen from holder kept on to his left when he heard a knock on door to his private office, “ come in “, he shouted back, “ it was the protocol officer from the Governor’s house along with Pratap’s secretary, “ You did not have to barge into my privacy like this. In case you are carrying an urgent invitation please leave it with my secretary. I shall attend to it as early as possible”.

“I have been told sir by his Excellency the governor of the state  to hand it over in person to you and make sure it is read in my presence because I have to carry your acknowledgement from your good offices” , the protocol officer told him curtly. Pratap gave a wry smile as he read aloud one line message from the President of the country, “on account of deteriorating law and order administration by ministry headed by you;   the president regrets to announce the imposition of the central rule in the state of …… with immediate effect. The state henceforth will be directly governed by the governor” signed and sealed”. He read aloud the office order twice to make sure the chief of the state   police had heard him properly, “that also seals the fate of democratic traditions in this country. Your friend the big man has been able to wipe out the will of the people of the state by one stroke of pen. He forgets that the same people will not allow him to come back too. “I am sorry I do not hold the authority to sign this. Let the governor’s office decide the fate of great Priest and his men. As for the nation’s welfare I will have to consult my party members and other allies to chart out a new agenda. We will have to lodge a formal protest with the public and proletariat’. They heard a big commotion outside the chief minister’s office, “long live Pratap” “long live the democratic spirits’, “down with the central government”; Pratap beckoned the chief of the state   police to follow him to the corridors to see what was happening. His ministerial colleagues had gathered outside his office and they were expressing their solidarity with him. Brahma came forward and hugged him, he spoke with tears in his eyes, and “we heard him on the television boss, he has dismissed our government. He did not even have the courtesy to come personally and speak to you. It is the most cowardly act. He and his mentor in the central government will have to pay a heavy price. The people of this state are being taken for a ride. We must go to the common folks and take our case to the man in the street. Let them create a revolution. We must fight till we reestablish the right of the common voter to be the judge of the representatives elected by him. The Governor or even the Union government has no authority to dispense with the duly elected legislative at the state level. We will challenge the draconian step in the highest court of this country”.

Pratap had allowed him to speak so that he could take out his bottled emotions; he also waited if any of his other colleagues too were willing to speak. When none else spoke, he poked them further to find out “if any of you wants to take it out please do so. We will have to drop emotions to sit and discuss seriously the next step proposed for matching the gimmicks of the big man. He has not only deceived all of us; rather he has played with the trust of the commoner of this state. We will have to go to the men on the streets to explain to them the fate that lies in store for each one of them henceforth. The Governor’s report has been obtained by coercive methods. The poor chap had to; otherwise he would have been hauled up for the corrupt practices he indulged into when he was heading procurement wing while in active service. We however forgive him for the act of cowardice shown by him”. “The election schedule mentioned by him in his address to the press is also a big farce”, this was Dhanwan speaking, “chief he wants to hand over the state on a platter to the great Priest”.  Chief Minister Pratap who was not aware of the press meet addressed by the big man, the home minister Aaham of the central government was in for a surprise when he heard what his own colleague had to tell him. “We saw his press meet on television a while ago, he has straight away gone to the press rather than speaking to you which does not tell of the good parliamentary tradition being set by our rivals. It would have been appropriate if you had been called in by the governor to discuss the subject of law and order. Should it have failed to satisfy him he could have got you and your government voted out at the floor of the assembly”.

“Yes, you are correct my dear friend and colleague but if he had adopted the constitutional method; he would have not been able to usurp the powers from under our feet. We will however ourselves go to the people to seek their cooperation and from this moment onwards, the movements of boycotting the central administration will start. We shall not allow any elections to take place in the state till the legitimate government which was already in position is restored by the Governor.  We shall all of us including the members of the legislative assembly of all allies will lay seize to the Governor’s office”, Pratap who had been the guardian of the civil administration in this very office was pained at the words used by him. He looked at the police chief, “now that tables had been turned by our dear friend the big man from the central government you may have to take all of us in, as state guests for a few days. It appears to me that the law of the charlatans and the gun totters will rule the country side hence forth. Your predictions are finally finding expression little too soon and I wish I had the courage to sign this paper even on my way out. But cowards as we all are; do not dare defy the fear that governs their mind and hearts. I hope some day I may come back and be able to face the challenge thrown to me by the nation but not at this juncture when I may have to go back to people with bowl again and seek their support, who knows my party may enter an alliance with the great priest Rajamantran himself”.

“I know boss I can understand you. If only you had not brought police under home department, each of us would have done our job as expected by the people of a state. Politicians of this country have created home department to shield their own failings from any kind of police action. They wanted to remain above the law of the land by making law subordinate to bureaucrats”, Nirbhaya walked back towards his official jeep parked on the ground floor of the secretariat building. He may have to make arrangements to contain hostility and demonstrations which were certainly be carried out by the demonstrators in front of the gates of the Governor’s house.

Rape……….Do we men need to reorient ourselves towards women

The recent spate of incidents of hapless women falling victim to the lecherous  and depraved rapists lead us to a question mark on the men’s attitude towards women. Women in all ages and cultures  have always been considered a weaker person, a weaker sex,  and inferior to the menfolk allowing mankind to believe that they  can do anything that they want to do with women. women have actually been auctioned as a commodity, offered as pawn in the  gambling, traded as property , have been a subject of war and a subject that could be ridiculed, exploited and even violated physically and spiritually.

men have been rendering a mere sympathetic lip service to the violation of woman’s body and mind . We know that a thousand ships were launched to win over a face in the Greek kingdoms. Similarly we also know that the origin of Mahabharata can some where be attributed to the lecherous old men of Dhratarashtra’s court, who remained silent when Draupadi was being disrobed by the dirty hands of Dushasna .These grand old men   were none else but the grandfathers, uncles, cousins, and teachers of Kurus and Pandavas  families . Oh what a shame…the woman…the mother of all….has to suffer the same fate in every civilization….in every society.

Men say the women call for it . Men will find millions of reasons to shift the blame to women .They will often hold women responsible. They will say these are the women in media, the women are too fashionable  . They will even question the length and the breadth and the style of the clothes worn by women.  Some of them may even go to the extent of saying, “why should a woman travel  alone/with friend/with family after the fall of darkness  as has  been told by many in the case of  Delhi Girl.

The men-kind will never agree that    they need to change  their outlook towards  women. They will scoff when they would be told to look   up at woman’s face when talking to her    and not a few inches below her face. they will ogle at the woman going past them on the road, in the trains, in the buses and howl and scowl when some one else looks at the woman that they are travelling or going  with.

The men-kind will have to agree that  though they  happen to be  liberated and so called educated yet we remain enslaved  to our dirty glances and sex filled mindsets. A mere figure covered in female clothes becomes an object that can  distract  the man from the most serious work or situation of his life time.

It is time that the man realizes  that a woman is not merely a sexual figure but that she has an identity and personality   that  should make her an equal partner in the journey of life.The hands that have rocked the cradles of all men that have been born into this world for centuries should  be strengthened by men only ….by reorienting their outlook towards women of the world.